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2019中考英语一轮复习代词用法

来源:101教育网整理 2018-11-13 字体大小: 分享到:

  中考英语语法知识点都掌握了哪些?下面101教育小编为考生整理了2019中考英语一轮复习代词用法内容,欢迎参考学习。

  2019中考英语一轮复习代词用法

  (一)代词概述

  代词用来代替名词,在句中充当主语、宾语和表语,有时还可以充当定语。代词在考试命题中主要是代词格的变化、代词单复数形式以及不定代词和it的用法等。

  (二)基本知识梳理

  1.人称代词:主格作主语,宾格用作及物动词和介词的宾语。

  He often helps me.

  Who is at the door?It's me.

  The bicyclebelongs to Tomandme.

  出现并列主语或宾语时,其排列顺序为:单数时是第二、第三、第一人称(简称231)即you,he and I或you,her and me;复数时是第一、第二、第三人称(简称123)即we,you and they或us,you and them。

  2.物主代词:形容词性物主代词作定语,后加名词;而名词性物主代词等于形容词性物主代词加名词。如:This is my book.=This book is mine.

  名词性物主代词可做主语、宾语和表语。如:

  Your pen is blue.Mine is blue,too.

  She is a classmate of his.

  The bike is hers.

  3.反身代词:用作宾语和起强调作用。

  1)作宾语

  Help yourself to some cakes.

  I can look at myself in the mirror.

  2)作强调

  We do home work by ourselves.

  I myself go to the airport to meet my uncle.

  4.指示代词

  1)this,that,these,those

  What's this(that)?It's a book.

  What are these(those)?They are books.

  this和these比较靠近,that和those稍远一点。

  2)it的用法

  (1)指物:It's a robot.

  (2)指自然现象:It's raining now,but it will be fine soon.

  (3)指时间:What time is it?It's 8 o'clock.

  (4)指距离:It's twenty minutes' walk.

  (5)作形式主语:It's important for us to fight pollution.

  It took me half an hour to finish the work.

  (6)作形式宾语:We think it necessary to relax from time to time.


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