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2020中考英语寒假复习:三大从句

来源:101教育网整理 2019-12-22 字体大小: 分享到:

  俗话说:吃得苦中苦,方为人上人。下面101教育初中频道整理了2020中考英语寒假复习:三大从句资料内容,以供大家参考复习。
  2020中考英语寒假复习:三大从句
  在初中英语中,主要有三大从句,即宾语从句、定语从句、状语从句(包括时间、条件、结果、目的、原因、让步、地点、方式等)。
  宾语从句
  一、定义
  在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。
  二、连接词
  that:I think that you can pass the exam.Whether/if:I don’t know what the word means.“Wh”:I don’t know what the word means.I don’t know where he found the book.
  只用whether的情况:1.与or not连用:I don’t know whether it’s raining or not.2.与动词不定式连用:He doesn’t know whether to accept the invitation.3.连接词前有介词时:It depends on whether he is coming.
  三、时态
  1.主句是一般现在时态,从句根据实际情况而定(各种时态均可)She wants to know what he has done for the exam.
  2.主句是一般过去时态,从句用相应的过去的时态。1)She said that she was a student.2)She said that she would fly to Japan in a week.3)She said that she had finished her homework already.
  3.如果宾语从句说的是客观真理、自然现象或事实时,这时宾语从句要用一般现在时态。The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.
  定语从句
  一、定义
  在复合句中修饰名词、代词的从句叫定语从句。
  二、先行词
  先行词指人who/that先行词指物which/that
  定语从句一般紧跟被修饰的名词或代词(即先行词)后
  三、关系代词
  关系代词代替先行词在句子中担当成分,所以从句中不可再出现其他代替先行词的代词
  四、翻译方法“….的”
  Whom:先行词指人,则代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语(包括介词的宾语),与who的区别是如果前面带介词则必须用whom
  1.This is the teacher whomwho we like best.2.I don’t like the boy to whom you are talking.
  Whose:指人或物,作定语,表示“…的”eg:Harry is the boy whose mother is our math teacher.
  关系代词只能that的特殊情况:
  1.先行词前有序数词修饰时:This is the first gift that my parents bought me.
  2.先行词前有形容词最高级修饰时:This is the most exciting film that I have ever seen.
  3.先行词是不定代词something,anything等时.e.g.Is there anything that you want in this shop
  4.先行词是人和物时,用that.e.g.He talked about some writers and books that were unknown to us all.
  5.先行词被all,little,the only,the very(就是,正是),the last等词修饰时,只能用thate.g.This is the last place that I want to visit.
  6.特殊疑问句以who或which开头,只能用that引导.Who is the girl that is making a speech on the platform?
  当关系代词前使用介词时:
  物+介词+which;人+介词+whom
  当关系代词前使用介词时:e.g.1.This is the train by which we went to Beijing.2.This is the teacher to whom my mother is talking.

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