初中试题
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初中定语从句讲解

来源:101教育网整理 2021-10-10 字体大小: 分享到:

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初中定语从句讲解

  定义:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。

  如:1) The man who lives next to us is a policeman.

  2) You must do everything that I do.

  上面两句中的man和everything是定语从句所修饰的词,叫先行词,定语从句放在先行词的后面。

  引导定语从句的词有关系代词that, which, who(宾格whom, 所有格whose)和关系副词where, when、why

  关系词常有三个作用:

  1、引导定语从句 2、代替先行词 3、在定语从句中担当一个成分

  二、关系代词引导的定语从句

  1.who指人,在从句中做主语

  (1)The boys who are playing football are from Class One.

  (2)Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way.

  2. whom指人,在定语从句中充当宾语,常可省略。

  (1) Mr. Liu is the person (whom) you talked about.

  注意:关系代词whom在口语和非正式语体中常用who代替,可省略。

  (3) The man who/whom you met just now is my friend.

  3. which指物,在定语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略

  (1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys. ( which 在句子中做主语)

  (2) This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday. ( which 在句子中做宾语)

  4. that指人时,相当于who或者whom;指物时,相当于which。

  在宾语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略。

  (5) The people that/who come to visit the city are all here. (在句子中做主语)

  (6) Where is the man that/whom I saw this morning? (在句子中做宾语)

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