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    1. keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事

    不可和keep sb.from doing sth.结构混淆。

    例如:Why do you keep me waiting for a long time? 你为什么让我等了很长时间?

    2. make sb. do sth. 使某人干某事


    例如:He made me work ten hours a day. 他让我每天工作10小时。

    注意:上句如改为被动语态,则work 前的to不能省略。例如:

    I was made to work ten hours a day.

    3. neither…nor… 既不……也不……


    Neither we nor Jack knows him. 我们和杰克都不认识他。

    He neither knows nor cares what happened. 他对发生的事情不闻不问。

    4. not…until… 直到……才......


    He didn’t come until late in the evening.他直到晚上很迟才来。

    He didn’t arrive until the game began. 直到比赛开始他才来。

    5. sb. pays money for sth. 某人花钱买某物


    I’ve already paid 2,000 yuan for the motor bike. 我已经花了2000元买这辆摩托车。

    6. spend time/money on sth./(in)doing sth. 花费(时间、钱)在某事上/做某事


    I spent five yuan on this book. 我在这本书上花了五元钱。

    I spent two hours (in) doing my homework yesterday. 昨晚我花了两个小时做作业。

    7. so…that… 太……以至于……

    用于复合句,that引导的是结果状语从句。so是副词,后面应接形容词或副词,如果接名词,应用such。 例如:

    The ice is so thin that you can’t walk on it. 冰太薄了,你不能在上面走。

    He is such a kind man that we all like him. 他是一个非常好的人,我们都很喜欢他。

    8. stop to do sth., stop doing sth.

    stop to do sth. 意为“停下来去做另一件事”,stop doing sth.意为“停止正在做的事”例如:

    You’re too tired. You’d better stop to have a rest. 你们太累了,最好停下来休息一会儿。

    The teacher is coming. Let’s stop talking. 老师来了,咱们别说话了。

    9. Thank you for doing sth. 感激你做了……


    Thank you for giving me the present. 谢谢你给我的礼物。

    Thank you for your help. =Thank you for helping me.谢谢你的帮助。

    10. thanks to 多亏……,由于……


    Thanks to my friend Jim, I’ve worked out this problem. 多亏了我朋友吉姆的帮助,我已经解决了这个问题。

    11. There be句型


    There is a man at the door. 门口有一个人。


    There are two dogs and a cat under the table.桌下有两只狗和一只猫。

    比较:There is a cat and two dogs under the table.

    ②There be 句型中的be不能用have来代替,但可以用lie(位于,躺),stand(矗立),exist(生存),live(生活)等词来替换。例如:

    There stand a lot of tall buildings on both sides of the street. 街道两旁矗立着许多高楼。

    There lies lake in front of our school.我们学校前面有一个湖。

    Once there lived a king here. 这儿曾经有一个国王。

    There is going to be a sports meeting next week. 下周准备开一个运动会。

    there be 的拓展结构: there seem(s)/happen(s) to be…

    There seems to be one mistake in spelling.


    There happened to be a ruler here. 这儿碰巧有把尺子。

    There seemed to be a lot of people there. 那儿似乎有很多人。

    12. The + adj.比较级, the + adj.比较级 越……,越……


    The harder he works, the happier he feels.他工作越努力,就感到越幸福。

    The more, the better. 多多益善。

    13. too+adj./adv. +to do sth. 太……以至于不能…….


    The ice is too thin for you to walk on. 这冰太薄,你不能在上面走。

    The bag is too heavy to carry. 这个袋子太重搬不动。

    14. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

    used to是情态动词,表示过去的习惯动作或状态,现在已不存在,因此只用于过去时态。例如:

    He used to get up early. 他过去总早起。

    When I was yong, I used to play tennis very often. 我年轻时经常打网球。

    否定形式有两种:didn’t use to;used not to,例如:

    He didn’t use to come. = He usedn’t to come. 他过去不常来。

    15. what about…? ……怎么样?

    后面可接名词、代词、动名词等。与“how about…?”同义。例如:

    We have been to Hainan. What about you? 我们去过海南,你呢?

    What about going to the park on Sunday? 星期天去公园怎么样?

    16. What day/date is it today? 今天星期几(几月几日)?

    —What day is it today?


    —What date is it today?

    —June 24th.

    17. What’s wrong (the matter) with…? ……怎么了?

    What’s wrong with you, Madam? 夫人,您怎么了?

    You look worried. What’s wrong with you? 你看上去很焦急,出什么事了?

    18. Why not do…? 为什么不做……?

    谓语动词用原形。与Why don’t you do…?同义。例如:

    Why not go to see the film with us?= Why don’t you go to see the film with us? 为什么不和我们一起去看电影呢?

    19. would like to do sth. 想做……


    I would like to drink a cup of tea.我想喝一杯茶。

    疑问句式:Would you like (to drink) a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?

    20. adj./adv.比较级 + and adj./adv.比较级 越来越......

    若形容词/副词为双音节词及多音节词,则这一结构变为“more and more +形容词/副词”。例如:

    It’s getting warmer and warmer. 天气变得越来越暖和了。

    The little girl becomes more and more beautiful. 小女孩变得越来越漂亮了。

    21. adj.比较级+than


    I know you better than she does. 我比她更了解你。

    This house is bigger than that one. 这所房子比那所房子大。

    22. though-从句


    Though it was snowing, it was not very cold. 虽然下着雪,可并不太冷。

    I was late for the last bus though I hurried. 虽然我拼命赶路,还是没搭上最后一班公交车。

    We didn’t feel tired though we walked a long way. 虽然我们走了很长的路程,但是并没有感到累。

    23. if-从句

    If 引导的是条件状语从句,“如果;假如“。如主句用一般将来时,if从句要用一般现在时(主将从现)。例如:

    If I go to the Great Wall tomorrow, would you like to come along? 如果明天我去长城,你会和我一起去吗?

    If it rains tomorrow, I won’t go. 如果明天下雨,我就不去了。

    24. because-从句

    引导原因状语从句,“因为”。 例如:

    He didn’t hear the knocking at the door because he was listening to the radio. 他没有听见敲门声,因为他正在听收音机。

    25. so + do/be + 主语

    “So + be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语” 表示前面所述内容也适用于另一人或物。be、助动词或情态动词的选择视前面陈述句中谓语动词的时态形式而定。例:

    He likes football and so do I. 他喜欢足球,我也如此。

    Jim was playing football just now and so was Tom. 刚才吉姆在踢足球,汤姆也在踢足球。

    比较: “So +主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”结构,是用来证实前一句所表达的内容(起强调作用)。be、助动词或情态动词的选择视前面陈述句中谓语动词的时态形式而定。

    A: It is very hot today. 今天天气很热。

    B: So it is. 确实如此。

    26. not only…but also… 不但……而且……


    She likes not only singing but also dancing. 她不但喜欢唱歌,而且喜欢跳舞。

    He is not only a good doctor but also a good father. 他不但是个好医生而且是个好爸爸。

    Not only I but also he is hoping to go there. 不但我而且他也想去那儿。

    27. prefer…to… 喜欢……胜过…...

    prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 意为“两者相比更喜欢(做)其中之一”。在此结构中,to是介词,接名词或动名词,结构中前后所跟成分一样。例如:

    He prefers tea to coffee. 茶与咖啡相比,他更喜欢茶。

    He prefers doing shopping to going fishing.购物与钓鱼相比,他更喜欢购物。

    28. 感叹句型

    What (a/an) + adj. + n. +主语+谓语! How + adj./adv.+ +主语+谓语! 例如:

    What a clever boy (he is)! =How clever the boy is! 这个男孩儿多聪明啊!

    What a wonderful film we saw last night! 昨天晚上我们看的电影多精彩啊!

    How lovely the weather is! 天气多好啊!

    How hard he works! 他工作多么努力啊!

    29. 祈使句型

    祈使句型表示命令、请求、劝告等含义。说话的对象通常为第二人称,习惯上常省略。句末用句号或感叹号。肯定祈使句是:谓语动词用动词原形表示。否定祈使句是:在谓语动词前加do not(don’t)。例如:

    Be here on time tomorrow. 明天准时到这儿来。

    Say it in English! 用英语说!

    Don’t be afraid! 别怕!

    Don’t look out of the window! 不要朝窗外看!

    30. 并列句型

    用并列连词连接起来的两个或两个以上的简单句叫并列句。连接并列句常用的连接词有:and, but, or, so, however, not only…but also, neither…nor, either…or…等。例如:

    I help her and she helps me. 我帮助她,她帮助我。

    He is very old but he is in good health. 他年纪很大了,但他身体很好。

    We must hurry, or we’ll be late. 我们得赶快走,不然就晚了。

    Kate does her work carefully, so she never makes any mistakes. 凯特工作很认真,从不出错。



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